Latvia is situated in north-eastern Europe with a coastline along the Baltic Sea; Latvia is geographically the middle of the three Baltic States.
The Territory of Latvia: 64,589 square kilometres (24,938 square miles)
International code: LV
Constitution: democratic parliamentary republic
Official language: Latvian
Total population: 2 274 700
Capital city: Riga (with 724 000 inhabitants)
Administrative organisation: 7 cities, 65 towns, 26 regions, 11 districts, 467 parishes
Traditionally divided into 4 regions: Vidzeme, Latgale, Kurzeme and Zemgale
Largest cities apart from Riga: Daugavpils, Jelgava, Jurmala, Liepaja, Rezekne, Ventspils
Major seaports: Ventspils, Riga, Liepaja
Ethnic composition: Latvians -59.0% ( 1348344 ) , Russians - 28.3% (646567), Belorussians - 3.7% (85434), Ukrainians - 2.5% (57794), Poles- 2.4% (54831), Lithuanians - 1.4% (31034), Others - 2.1%
Religion: Non-religious - 35%, Lutheran - 24%, Catholic - 18%, Orthodox - 15%, Others - 8%
Currency: Euro (EUR) since 1st of January 2014
Time: GMT +2, from April to November GMT +3
Climate: Summers are warm and balmy in Latvia and you'll experience the hottest weather in July, so if you're looking for a warm and mild stay, the months of May-September are good for cycling too.