Total area: 312,696 km2
Population: 38,7 mil
Official language: Polish
Government: Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
The biggest ethnic groups: Polish 98.5 %, Ukrainians 0.6%, Germans 0.5%, others 0.4%
Capital: Warsaw (1.65 mil)
Neighboring countries: Germany (467 km), the Czech Republic (790 km), Slovakia (538 km), Ukraine (529 km), Belarus (416 km), Russia (210 km), Lithuania (103 km), the Baltic Sea coast (788 km )
Religion: Catholic 90.7%, Orthodox 1.4%, others 7.9%
Currency: Polish złoty (PLN)
Time: UTC+1 (CET), UTC+2 (CEST)
Landscape: Poland consists mainly of lowlands, the lowest point - in the village of Racki Elblaskie 1.8 meters below sea level.
Mountains: On the southern border, the High Tatras (the highest peak Rysy 2,499 m), Bieszczady, Beskid, Giant Mountains, Heuscheuer Mountains.
Rivers: Wisła 1.047 km, Oder, Bug, Warta
Lakes: Śniardwy - Spierdingsee (Masuria) 113.8 km2
Climate: The climate in Poland is similar to the climate in Germany. However, the further you go to the east, the more continental character gains the upper hand over the maritime climate, as can still be felt in northwestern Poland. Summers are getting hotter and drier, whereas winters are frostier and more snowy. Compared to Germany, the golden autumn in Poland is usually more pronounced, so that you can still experience many warm and sunny days in September and October in Poland.
Best time to travel: As a travel time recommendation for a cycling vacation in Poland, the time from May to October. Subtropical-continental air masses from the southeast then ensure a pleasant climate, although in July and August it can sometimes get stiflingly hot.