Total area: 207,595 km2. It is landlocked, relatively flat, and contains large tracts of marshy land. About 40% of Belarus is covered by forests.
Climate: The climate features mild to cold winters, with average January minimum temperatures ranging from −4 °C in southwest (Brest) to −8 °C in northeast (Vitebsk), and cool and moist summers with an average temperature of 18 °C. Belarus has an average annual rainfall of 550 to 700 mm. The country is in the transitional zone between continental climates and maritime climates.
Local time: Time Zone: UTC+3.
Population: 9.408,4 million.
Ethnic Composition: Belarusian - 83.7%, Russian - 8.3%, Polish - 3.1%, Ukrainian - 1.7%, Jewish - 0.1%.
Language: Belarusian is the official language of Belarus, along with Russian. It is additionally spoken in parts of Russia, Lithuania, Latvia, Poland, and Ukraine by Belarusian minorities in those countries.
Religion: Orthodox religion is by no means the only Belarus religion. Many other religions are also well represented in the country, including: Roman Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Muslims.
State structure: The politics of Belarus takes place in a framework of a presidential republic with a bicameral parliament. The President of Belarus is the head of state. Executive power is exercised by the government, at its top sits a prime minister, appointed by the President.
National day: Independence Day, 3 July.
Currency: Belarusian rouble (Br).