Total area: 17,098,246 km2
Local Time: UTC+2 to +12
Local Time (Moscow & St.Petersburg: UTC/GMT +3 hours
Local Time (Kaliningrad): UTC/GMT +2 hours
Ethnic Composition: Russian - 80.9%, Tatar - 3.9%, Ukrainian - 1.4%, Bashkir - 1.1%, Chuvash - 1.0%, Chechen - 1.0%, others - 10.7%.
Currency: ruble (RUB)
Climate: The enormous size of Russia and the remoteness of many areas from the sea result in the dominance of the humid continental climate, which is prevalent in all parts of the country except for the tundra and the extreme southwest. Mountains in the south obstruct the flow of warm air masses from the Indian Ocean, while the plain of the west and north makes the country open to Arctic and Atlantic influences. Most of Northern European Russia and Siberia has a subarctic climate, with extremely severe winters in the inner regions of Northeast Siberia, and more moderate winters elsewhere. Both the strip of land along the shore of the Arctic Ocean and the Russian Arctic islands have a polar climate. Throughout much of the territory there are only two distinct seasons—winter and summer. The coldest month is January, the warmest is usually July. Great ranges of temperature are typical. In winter, temperatures get colder both from south to north and from west to east. Summers can be quite hot, even in Siberia.
National day: June 12.
Russia Day called Day of adoption of the declaration of state sovereignty of RSFSR before 2002, is the national holiday of the Russian Federation. It has been celebrated annually on 12 June since 1992.
February 23 - Defence of the Fatherland day (Originally known as Red Army Day)
May 1 - Day of Spring and Labor
May 9 - Victory day